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Basketball Statistics Glossary

Shooting Statistics

2PA - Two-Point Field Goals Attempted

2PM - Two-Point Field Goals Made

2PM/A - Two-Point Field Goals Made / Two-Point Field Goals Attempted

2P% - Two-Point Field Goal Percentage

3FREQ - Three-Point Field Goals Frequency (or 3-pt Rate)

  • The percentage of total field goal attempts that are 3-pt shots.
  • Ex: If a player has 100 FGA and 60 3PA, his/her 3FREQ equals 60%.

3PA - Three-Point Field Goals Attempted

3PA/G - Three-Point Field Goals Attempted Per Game

3PM - Three-Point Field Goals Made

3PM/G - Three-Point Field Goals Made Per Game

3PM/A - Three-Point Field Goals Made /Three-Point Field Goals Attempted

3P% - Three-Point Field Goals Percentage

EFG% - Effective Field Goal Percentage

  • Formula: FGM + (0.5 * 3PM) / FGA
  • This statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-pt field goal is worth one more point than a regular 2-pt field goal. For example, if Player A is 4/10 with two 3-pointers and Player B is 5/10 with zero 3-pointers, both players would have the same number of points (10). Thus, both players' EFG% equals 50%. 

FGA - Field Goals Attempted

FGA/G - Field Goals Attempted Per Game

FGM - Field Goals Made

FGM/G - Field Goals Made Per Game

FGM/A - Field Goals Made / Field Goals Attempted

FG% - Field Goal Percentage

FTA - Free Throws Attempted

FTA/G - Free Throws Attempted Per Game

FTM - Free Throws Made

FTM/G - Free Throws Made Per Game

FTM/A - Free Throws Made / Free Throws Attempted

FT% - Free Throw Percentage

 

Other Traditional Statistics

A/TO - Assist to Turnover Ratio

AST - Assists

BLK - Blocked Shots

GP - Games Played

GS - Games Started

MIN - Minutes

PTS - Points

PF - Personal Fouls

REB - Rebounds

  • OREB - Offensive Rebounds
  • DREB - Defensive Rebounds
  • REB/O - Rebounds Per Game / Offensive Rebounds Per Game

STL - Steals

TO - Turnovers

 

Four Factor Statistics

EFG% - Effective Field Goal Percentage

  • Formula: FGM + (0.5 * 3PM) / FGA
  • This statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-pt field goal is worth one more point than a regular 2-pt field goal. For example, if Player A is 4/10 with two 3-pointers and Player B is 5/10 with zero 3-pointers, both players would have the same number of points (10). Thus, both players' EFG% equals 50%.

OPP EFG% - Opponent/Defensive Effective Field Goal Percentage

  • See EFG%. Defensively, a low EFG% is desired.

FT RATE - Free Throw Rate

  • Formula: FTA / FGA
  • Free Throw Rate is about earning more trips to the foul line. It measures both how often a team gets to the line and their free throw shooting performance. Offensively, a high FT RATE is desired.

OPP FT RATE - Opponent/Defensive Free Throw Rate

  • See FT RATE. Defensively, a low FT RATE is desired.

OREB% - Offensive Rebound Percentage (Rebound Rate)

  • Formula: OREB / OREB + OPP DREB
  • Rebound Percentage gauges how effective a team is at gaining possession after a missed field goal or free throw. Offensively, a high REB% is desired.

DREB% - Defensive Rebound Percentage (Rebound Rate)

  • Formula: DREB / DREB + OPP OREB
  • Rebound Percentage gauges how effective a team is at gaining possession after a missed field goal or free throw. Defensively, a high REB% is desired.

TO% - Turnover Percentage (Turnover Rate)

  • Formula: TO / Possessions
  • The percentage of offensive possessions that result in a turnover. Offensively, a low TO% is desired.

OPP TO% - Opponent/Defensive Turnover Percentage

  • See TO%. Defensively, a high TO% is desired.

 

Other Advanced Statistics

OFF EFF - Offensive Efficiency (Offensive Rating)

  • Points scored per 100 possessions. Offensively, a high OFF EFF is desired.

DEF EFF - Defensive Efficiency (Defensive Rating)

  • Points allowed per 100 possessions. Offensively, a low DEF EFF is desired.

NET EFF - Efficiency Margin

PACE - Possessions Per 40 Minutes (48 for NBA)

POSS - Possessions

  • Formula: FGA + (0.475 * FTA) + TO - OREB

PTS +/- - Scoring Margin

PTS/POSS - Points Per Possession

 

 

 

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